Finding Index to view all of the search
Quick Example Searches
Finding a Paper in HEP
fin a Peskin
fin a Ellis, J. R.
fin a Quinn, Helen
Use "a" or "author" to search for the authors as
printed on the paper.
Extensive help is available on our
author searching page.
Enter any or all words from the title in any order. Adjacent words in your
search will be treated as "and" searches. A truncated search may
be used, for example:
fin t microproces#
The keyword index is now the preferred method to
find papers by "subject". If you are searching title=proton because you
want to find papers about protons, try searching keyword=proton instead,
you'll get more results.
Treat parentheses as though they don't exist (e.g. SUN for SU(N)), or
enclose them in double quotes.
Common words (the, and, or, if) will be ignored
Spellings follow American English conventions (analyze, color,
renormalization)but most common English variants will work as well
There are certain phrases we try to maintain consistently,
here are some examples.
The dash means the entire string must be used in the search. So
title Seiberg Witten
will not give you nearly as many results as:
Alternatively, use the truncation symbol:
fin title Seib#
fin j PRLTA
You can use either a common abbreviation for the journal, or the 5 letter
CODEN abbreviation found in the CODEN
You can use the volume and page as well.
fin j Phys. Rev.,D54,1
Note that the correct form is Journal,volume,page(optional) and that the
letter is part of the volume.
- Eprint number
Old Style ids:fin
New Style ids:fin
With new style IDs, you may wish to look at arx (includes crosslists) or
parx (only primary) to determine the
archive (parx and arx both suffer long lag times in searching. This is
a fundamental bug in SPIRES design that we are slowly working towards
rectifying, however these searches may work spottily, or not at all):
bb 0704 and parx hep-th
You can also type an (old style) eprint number directly into the main search box with
no other text.
- Report Number
fin r slac-pub-10001
The publication number of a preprint or report. What is typed must
exactly match the entry's number to yield the entry. However, commonly
used symbols in report numbers such as / and - may be
freely interchanged with a blank space.
You can also use the truncation symbol,
fin r slac-r#
There are several options:
finds the date the paper was added to SPIRES-HEP
finds the year it was published in a journal
a witten and date 1998
this date must be combined with another search
it is taken from (in order of preference) the date on title page, date of
conference, date published, date received
Short for Top Citations, which finds papers with greater than
1,000 citations (topcite 1000+), 500 citations (topcite 500+), 100
citation (topcite 100+), and 50 citations (topcite 50+). For
illustrative purposes, the following examples are done with citation
The HEP preprint database has over 550,000 records and just under
20,000 of these have more than 50 citations (~4%). The
about citation counting apply here.
You can easily find the
citations of papers if you know the journal
find c phrva,d66,085002
finds the citations of Phys.Rev.D 66,085002. This works similarly for
fin c ASTRO-PH 0001008
This works whether the cited paper is in HEP or not, as long as
the citing paper is in HEP, you'll find it.
You can also find the paper first, using the normal format, then click
on "Citation Search"
The usual caveats about citation
counting apply here. You may be interested in our
methods for counting cites, and
what you can do to help us.
find aff Adelaide U.
These are as listed on the title page of the
paper, using the SPIRES name for the institution, which can be found in
We usually do not include the affiliation when someone is "on leave
find exp opal
This exp index breaks the exact experiment number, CERN-LEP-OPAL, into
pieces, allowing you to also search
find exp lep which finds, CERN-LEP-OPAL, CERN-LEP-DELPH, CERN-LEP-ALEPH,
The exact-experiment element requires the exact experiment number
find ee CERN-LEP-OPAL.
Collaboration name can also be used,
which finds all FNAL-E-0740 papers that were authored by the
collaboration. Other papers associated with the experiment, but not
listed as "by the" or "for the" collaboration are not found by this search.
A good place to start for any experiment search is the
database. All experiments there are linked to their papers in HEP.
find k compton scattering
find k accelerator
Note that the search index is k not key or dk.
As of 7/26/04, the keyword index has changed, and more changes will
follow. Currently k or keyword searches the desy-keywords described
below, as well as searching the title of the paper and any keywords the author may have written on
the paper (only available for papers in Aug 2004 or later). This means
that while there is a time lag for the desy-keywords to be applied, due to
the hard work taking place at DESY, more recent papers will still be found
by the keyword search.
This index, keyword, is now the preferred method to find papers by
"subject". If you are searching title=proton because you want to find
papers about protons, try searching keyword=proton instead, you'll get
more results. The only reason to use title is if you know the title of the
one paper you are looking for.
The dk or
desy-keyword index described in the next
section behaves like the keyword index did before 7/26/04.
find dk accelerator, control system
find dk accelerator#
Note that the search index is dk not key or k.
A sequence of words can only be searched as this sequence. They are
often given in pairs, separated by ", " e.g. accelerator,
control system. Such a combination of keywords can be found in 3
On the other hand,
find dk accelerator control system
will not work because the comma is missing.
The keywords are added from a controlled list of about 2000. To find
the keywords you're really interested in you can browse the keyword
index. You may shorten the word - without any truncation symbol.
Or you can find a paper you like, and click on its
Keywords link (right after the BibTeX record). Those keywords
will help you find other related papers.
The complete list of keyword can be found
here. They are
added by DESY physicists under the guidance of the
DESY Library staff.
The HEP database has the following subject classes which must be used
with some other a search. These can also be seen as SCL rather
than PS in some searches.
published (peer-reviewed/non-conference- see our def. of published) PS=P
review papers PS=R
theory papers PS=T
phenomenology papers PS=E,T
experimental papers PS=E
instrument/accelerator papers PS=I
We are moving away from using the T and E codes, and beginning
Field and Type codes below. However, PS will still be a useful
search for some time as we begin to code the papers using fc and tc
You can now find papers on various topics by using fc:
aff SLAC and fc a
SPIRES staff classifies all new papers using these codes:
Some arXives, as noted, are automatically classified in certain
groups, papers not submitted to arXiv, or in a more general
arXiv are classified by hand.
- A astrophysics (astro-ph)
- B accelerators (physics/acc-phys)
- C computing (cs.xx)
- E HEP experiment (hep-ex)
- G gravitation and cosmology (gr-qc)
- I instrumentation
- L lattice (hep-lat)
- M math and math physics (math.xx,math-ph)
- N nuclear physics theory (nucl-th)
- O other
- P HEP phenomenology (hep-ph)
- Q general physics (cond-mat, quant-ph, physics)
- T HEP theory (hep-th)
- X Nuclear Physics experiment (nucl-ex)
You can search for papers of a certain type using type:
fin aff SLAC and type R
Note that these overlap with PS. These codes are only
available on new papers, though we hope to apply them retroactively in
- B book
- I introductory (i.e. non-technical)
- L lectures
- R review
- C talk (i.e. conference papers)
- T thesis
- P published (see our def. of published)
The cc allows you
to search by country. The country is defined as the country of the
institution where the work was done.
find cc united kingdom and t optical
Errata can be specifically found using the search e.g.
find j errat,a608,514
if say, you were looking to the erratum published in, say, Phys. Rev.
D54 (1996) 345 (not the original article).
You can also find all errata (with Boolean combinations of other
fin a ellis,j and j errat
Find articles based on the key we provide for LaTeX and BibTeX references
(see Biblio Tools
Remember that these should not change after the first
assignment (unless we discover a non-unique one). You can generally guess
most of the key if you know the first author and date, but you can't
always. A better search is find fa Kachru and date 2007 if you
are just looking for papers.