Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition) in gr-qc

The 50 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition) in the gr-qc archive

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. Remember the detailed warning about the accuracy of these counts.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of Fri 2-Feb-2007. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers. The lists, however, will not update.

  1. 534
    Dimensional reduction in quantum gravity
    By Gerard 't Hooft (Utrecht U.).
    HEP Record [arXiv: gr-qc/9310026]
    [664 Total citations in HEP]
  2. 521
    Geometry of the (2+1) black hole
    By Maximo Banados (CECS, Valdivia & Chile U., Santiago & CECS, Valdivia & Brussels U. & CECS, Valdivia & Chile U., Santiago & Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study & CECS, Valdivia & Chile U., Santiago), Marc Henneaux (CECS, Valdivia & Brussels U.), Claudio Teitelboim (CECS, Valdivia & Chile U., Santiago & Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study), Jorge Zanelli (CECS, Valdivia & Chile U., Santiago).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D48:1506-1525,1993 [arXiv: gr-qc/9302012]
    [608 Total citations in HEP]
  3. 516
    The Einstein equation on the 3-brane world
    By Tetsuya Shiromizu (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Tokyo U. & Tokyo U., RESCEU), Kei-ichi Maeda (Newton Inst. Math. Sci., Cambridge & Waseda U.), Misao Sasaki (Newton Inst. Math. Sci., Cambridge & Tokyo U. & Osaka U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D62:024012,2000 [arXiv: gr-qc/9910076]
    [680 Total citations in HEP]
  4. 324
    Discreteness of area and volume in quantum gravity
    By Carlo Rovelli (Pittsburgh U.), Lee Smolin (Penn State U.).
    Published in:Nucl.Phys.B442:593-622,1995, Erratum-ibid.B456:753,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9411005]
    [401 Total citations in HEP]
  5. 300
    Metric affine gauge theory of gravity: Field equations, Noether identities, world spinors, and breaking of dilation invariance
    By Friedrich W. Hehl (Cologne U.), J.Dermott McCrea (University Coll., Dublin & Dublin Inst.), Eckehard W. Mielke (Cologne U.), Yuval Neeman (Tel Aviv U. & Texas U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rept.258:1-171,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9402012]
    [377 Total citations in HEP]
  6. 247
    Quantum geometry and black hole entropy
    By A. Ashtekar (Penn State U.), J. Baez (UC, Riverside), A. Corichi (Penn State U. & Mexico U., ICN), Kirill Krasnov (Penn State U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.80:904-907,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9710007]
    [311 Total citations in HEP]
  7. 225
    Exponential potentials and cosmological scaling solutions
    By Edmund J. Copeland, Andrew R Liddle (Sussex U.), David Wands (Portsmouth U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D57:4686-4690,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9711068]
    [308 Total citations in HEP]
  8. 223
    Entropy, Area, and black hole pairs
    By S.W. Hawking, Gary T. Horowitz (Newton Inst. Math. Sci., Cambridge), Simon F. Ross (Cambridge U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D51:4302-4314,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9409013]
    [243 Total citations in HEP]
  9. 218
    Classical equations for quantum systems
    By Murray Gell-Mann (Caltech), James B. Hartle (UC, Santa Barbara).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D47:3345-3382,1993 [arXiv: gr-qc/9210010]
    [245 Total citations in HEP]
  10. 217
    The Gravitational Hamiltonian, action, entropy and surface terms
    By S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.), Gary T. Horowitz (UC, Santa Barbara).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.13:1487-1498,1996 [arXiv: gr-qc/9501014]
    [259 Total citations in HEP]
  11. 217
    Loop quantum gravity
    By Carlo Rovelli (Pittsburgh U.).
    Published in:Living Rev.Rel.1:1,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9710008]
    [281 Total citations in HEP]
  12. 216
    Quantization of diffeomorphism invariant theories of connections with local degrees of freedom
    By Abhay Ashtekar (Penn State U.), Jerzy Lewandowski (Warsaw U.), Donald Marolf (UC, Santa Barbara), Jose Mourao (Algarve U.), Thomas Thiemann (Penn State U.).
    Published in:J.Math.Phys.36:6456-6493,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9504018]
    [260 Total citations in HEP]
  13. 206
    Brane world cosmology
    By Daisuke Ida (Kyoto U.).
    Published in:JHEP 0009:014,2000 [arXiv: gr-qc/9912002]
    [247 Total citations in HEP]
  14. 200
    Quantum theory of geometry. 1: Area operators
    By Abhay Ashtekar (Penn State U.), Jerzy Lewandowski (Warsaw U. & Potsdam, Max Planck Inst.).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.14:A55-A82,1997 [arXiv: gr-qc/9602046]
    [236 Total citations in HEP]
  15. 199
    Black hole entropy in the Noether charge
    By Robert M. Wald (Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D48:3427-3431,1993 [arXiv: gr-qc/9307038]
    [297 Total citations in HEP]
  16. 193
    Some properties of Noether charge and a proposal for dynamical black hole entropy
    By Vivek Iyer, Robert M. Wald (Chicago U., EFI & Chicago U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D50:846-864,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9403028]
    [287 Total citations in HEP]
  17. 191
    Dilaton production in string cosmology
    By M. Gasperini (Turin U. & INFN, Turin), G. Veneziano (CERN).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D50:2519-2540,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9403031]
    [199 Total citations in HEP]
  18. 188
    Spin networks and quantum gravity
    By Carlo Rovelli (Pittsburgh U.), Lee Smolin (Penn State U. & Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D52:5743-5759,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9505006]
    [222 Total citations in HEP]
  19. 184
    Relativity in space-times with short distance structure governed by an observer independent (Planckian) length scale
    By Giovanni Amelino-Camelia (Rome U.).
    Published in:Int.J.Mod.Phys.D11:35-60,2002 [arXiv: gr-qc/0012051]
    [269 Total citations in HEP]
  20. 182
    Gravitational waves from merging compact binaries: How accurately can one extract the binary's parameters from the inspiral wave form?
    By Curt Cutler, Eanna E. Flanagan (Caltech).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D49:2658-2697,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9402014]
    [230 Total citations in HEP]
  21. 180
    A More accurate analytic calculation of the spectrum of cosmological perturbations produced during inflation
    By Ewan D. Stewart (Kyoto U.), David H. Lyth (Lancaster U.).
    Published in:Phys.Lett.B302:171-175,1993 [arXiv: gr-qc/9302019]
    [239 Total citations in HEP]
  22. 180
    A New class of unstable modes of rotating relativistic stars
    By Nils Andersson (Washington U., St. Louis).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.502:708-713,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9706075]
    [210 Total citations in HEP]
  23. 179
    From the Big Bang theory to the theory of a stationary universe
    By Andrei D. Linde (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.), Dmitri A. Linde (Gunn High School, Palo Alto), Arthur Mezhlumian (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D49:1783-1826,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9306035]
    [224 Total citations in HEP]
  24. 178
    The Statistical mechanics of the (2+1)-dimensional black hole
    By S. Carlip (UC, Davis).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D51:632-637,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9409052]
    [185 Total citations in HEP]
  25. 177
    Geometrodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes
    By Karel V. Kuchar (Utah U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D50:3961-3981,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9403003]
    [201 Total citations in HEP]
  26. 174
    Quantum gravity and minimum length
    By Luis J. Garay (Imperial Coll., London).
    Published in:Int.J.Mod.Phys.A10:145-166,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9403008]
    [249 Total citations in HEP]
  27. 174
    An Alternative to quintessence
    By Alexander Yu. Kamenshchik (Landau Inst. & Landau Network Centro Volta), Ugo Moschella (Insubria U., Como & INFN, Milan), Vincent Pasquier (Saclay).
    Published in:Phys.Lett.B511:265-268,2001 [arXiv: gr-qc/0103004]
    [345 Total citations in HEP]
  28. 168
    Nonstandard optics from quantum space-time
    By Rodolfo Gambini (Republica U., Montevideo), Jorge Pullin (Penn State U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D59:124021,1999 [arXiv: gr-qc/9809038]
    [244 Total citations in HEP]
  29. 167
    Quantum spin dynamics (QSD)
    By T. Thiemann (Harvard U.).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.15:839-873,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9606089]
    [229 Total citations in HEP]
  30. 167
    Spectroscopy of the quantum black hole
    By Jacob D. Bekenstein (Hebrew U.), Viatcheslav F. Mukhanov (Zurich, ETH).
    Published in:Phys.Lett.B360:7-12,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9505012]
    [193 Total citations in HEP]
  31. 163
    Kaluza-Klein gravity
    By J.M. Overduin (Victoria U.), P.S. Wesson (Waterloo U. & Stanford U., HEPL).
    Published in:Phys.Rept.283:303-380,1997 [arXiv: gr-qc/9805018]
    [222 Total citations in HEP]
  32. 163
    General relativity as an effective field theory: The leading quantum corrections
    By John F. Donoghue (Massachusetts U., Amherst).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D50:3874-3888,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9405057]
    [213 Total citations in HEP]
  33. 162
    Black hole evaporation without information loss
    By Christopher R. Stephens, Gerard 't Hooft, Bernard F. Whiting (Utrecht U.).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.11:621-648,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9310006]
    [193 Total citations in HEP]
  34. 153
    Exact Dirac quantization of all 2-D dilaton gravity theories
    By D. Louis-Martinez (Winnipeg U.), J. Gegenberg (New Brunswick U.), G. Kunstatter (Winnipeg U.).
    Published in:Phys.Lett.B321:193-198,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9309018]
    [165 Total citations in HEP]
  35. 152
    The Confrontation between general relativity and experiment
    By Clifford M. Will (Washington U., St. Louis).
    Published in:Living Rev.Rel.4:4,2001 [arXiv: gr-qc/0103036]
    [242 Total citations in HEP]
  36. 150
    Introduction to modern canonical quantum general relativity
    By Thomas Thiemann (Potsdam, Max Planck Inst.).
    HEP Record [arXiv: gr-qc/0110034]
    [240 Total citations in HEP]
  37. 149
    Temperature, energy and heat capacity of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes
    By J.David Brown (North Carolina State U.), J. Creighton, R.B. Mann (Waterloo U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D50:6394-6403,1994 [arXiv: gr-qc/9405007]
    [171 Total citations in HEP]
  38. 144
    Real Ashtekar variables for Lorentzian signature space times
    By J.Fernando Barbero (Penn State U. & Madrid, IMAFF).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D51:5507-5510,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9410014]
    [194 Total citations in HEP]
  39. 143
    Measuring gravitational waves from binary black hole coalescences: 1. Signal-to-noise for inspiral, merger, and ringdown
    By Eanna E. Flanagan (Cornell U., LNS), Scott A. Hughes (Caltech).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D57:4535-4565,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9701039]
    [178 Total citations in HEP]
  40. 142
    Axial instability of rotating relativistic stars
    By John L. Friedman, Sharon M. Morsink (Wisconsin U., Milwaukee).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.502:714-720,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9706073]
    [159 Total citations in HEP]
  41. 142
    Relativistic spin networks and quantum gravity
    By John W. Barrett (Nottingham U.), Louis Crane (Kansas State U.).
    Published in:J.Math.Phys.39:3296-3302,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9709028]
    [177 Total citations in HEP]
  42. 140
    Classical black hole production in high-energy collisions
    By Douglas M. Eardley, Steven B. Giddings (UC, Santa Barbara).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D66:044011,2002 [arXiv: gr-qc/0201034]
    [219 Total citations in HEP]
  43. 137
    Gravitational radiation damping of compact binary systems to second postNewtonian order
    By Luc Blanchet (Meudon Observ.), Thibault Damour (IHES, Bures-sur-Yvette & Meudon Observ.), Bala R. Iyer (Raman Research Inst., Bangalore), Clifford M. Will (Washington U., St. Louis), Alan.G. Wiseman (Northwestern U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.74:3515-3518,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9501027]
    [162 Total citations in HEP]
  44. 133
    Cosmic topology
    By Marc Lachieze-Rey (DAPNIA, Saclay), Jean-Pierre Luminet (Meudon Observ.).
    Published in:Phys.Rept.254:135-214,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9605010]
    [165 Total citations in HEP]
  45. 133
    Limits to quantum gravity effects from observations of TeV flares in active galaxies
    By S.D. Biller, A.C. Breslin, J. Buckley, M. Catanese, M. Carson, D.A. Carter-Lewis, M.F. Cawley, D.J. Fegan, J. Finley, J.A. Gaidos, A.M. Hillas, F. Krennrich, R.C. Lamb, R. Lessard, C. Masterson, J.E. McEnery, B. McKernan, P. Moriarty, J. Quinn, H.J. Rose, F. Samuelson, G. Sembroski, P. Skelton, T.C. Weekes (Oxford U. & University Coll., Dublin & Washington U., St. Louis & Iowa State U. & NUIM, Maynooth & Purdue U. & Leeds U. & Caltech & Utah U. & Galway-Mayo Inst. of Tech. & Whipple Observ.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.83:2108-2111,1999 [arXiv: gr-qc/9810044]
    [157 Total citations in HEP]
  46. 132
    Projective techniques and functional integration for gauge theories
    By Abhay Ashtekar (Penn State U. & Newton Inst. Math. Sci., Cambridge), Jerzy Lewandowski (Warsaw U. & Schrodinger Inst., Vienna).
    Published in:J.Math.Phys.36:2170-2191,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9411046]
    [149 Total citations in HEP]
  47. 132
    Acoustic black holes: Horizons, ergospheres, and Hawking radiation
    By Matt Visser (Washington U., St. Louis).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.15:1767-1791,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9712010]
    [164 Total citations in HEP]
  48. 130
    The (2+1)-Dimensional black hole
    By S. Carlip (UC, Davis).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.12:2853-2880,1995 [arXiv: gr-qc/9506079]
    [150 Total citations in HEP]
  49. 128
    Spin foam models
    By John C. Baez (UC, Riverside).
    Published in:Class.Quant.Grav.15:1827-1858,1998 [arXiv: gr-qc/9709052]
    [155 Total citations in HEP]
  50. 126
    On the numerical integration of Einstein's field equations
    By Thomas W. Baumgarte (Illinois U., Urbana), Stuart L. Shapiro (Illinois U., Urbana, Astron. Dept.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D59:024007,1999 [arXiv: gr-qc/9810065]
    [181 Total citations in HEP]
  51. 126
    Quantum geometry of isolated horizons and black hole entropy
    By A. Ashtekar (Penn State U. & Santa Barbara, KITP), John C. Baez (UC, Riverside & Penn State U.), Kirill Krasnov (UC, Santa Barbara & Santa Barbara, KITP).
    Published in:Adv.Theor.Math.Phys.4:1-94,2000 [arXiv: gr-qc/0005126]
    [173 Total citations in HEP]