Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition) in astro-ph

The 50 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition) in the astro-ph archive

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. Remember the detailed warning about the accuracy of these counts.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of Fri 2-Feb-2007. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers. The lists, however, will not update.

  1. 2130
    Measurements of Omega and Lambda from 42 high redshift supernovae
    By Supernova Cosmology Project (S. Perlmutter et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.517:565-586,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9812133]
    [3149 Total citations in HEP]
  2. 2100
    Observational evidence from supernovae for an accelerating universe and a cosmological constant
    By Supernova Search Team (Adam G. Riess et al.).
    Published in:Astron.J.116:1009-1038,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9805201]
    [3033 Total citations in HEP]
  3. 1994
    First year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Determination of cosmological parameters
    By WMAP Collaboration (D.N. Spergel et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:175,2003 [arXiv: astro-ph/0302209]
    [4009 Total citations in HEP]
  4. 1842
    Maps of dust IR emission for use in estimation of reddening and CMBR foregrounds
    By David J. Schlegel (Durham U.), Douglas P. Finkbeiner, Marc Davis (UC, Berkeley).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.500:525,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9710327]
    [2938 Total citations in HEP]
  5. 1105
    First year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results
    By WMAP Collaboration (C.L. Bennett et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:1,2003 [arXiv: astro-ph/0302207]
    [2009 Total citations in HEP]
  6. 1020
    A Universal density profile from hierarchical clustering
    By Julio F. Navarro (Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.), Carlos S. Frenk (Durham U.), Simon D.M. White (Garching, Max Planck Inst.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.490:493-508,1997 [arXiv: astro-ph/9611107]
    [1551 Total citations in HEP]
  7. 857
    A Flat universe from high resolution maps of the cosmic microwave background radiation
    By Boomerang Collaboration (P. de Bernardis et al.).
    Published in:Nature 404:955-959,2000 [arXiv: astro-ph/0004404]
    [1001 Total citations in HEP]
  8. 848
    The Structure of cold dark matter halos
    By Julio F. Navarro (Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.), Carlos S. Frenk (Durham U.), Simon D.M. White (Garching, Max Planck Inst.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.462:563-575,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9508025]
    [1187 Total citations in HEP]
  9. 809
    Cosmological imprint of an energy component with general equation of state
    By R.R. Caldwell, Rahul Dave, Paul J. Steinhardt (Pennsylvania U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.80:1582-1585,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9708069]
    [1077 Total citations in HEP]
  10. 759
    A Line of sight integration approach to cosmic microwave background anisotropies
    By Uros Seljak (Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.), Matias Zaldarriaga (MIT, LNS).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.469:437-444,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9603033]
    [1012 Total citations in HEP]
  11. 644
    A measurement by Boomerang of multiple peaks in the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background
    By Boomerang Collaboration (C.B. Netterfield et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.571:604-614,2002 [arXiv: astro-ph/0104460]
    [740 Total citations in HEP]
  12. 636
    Discovery of a supernova explosion at half the age of the Universe and its cosmological implications
    By Supernova Cosmology Project (S. Perlmutter et al.).
    Published in:Nature 391:51-54,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9712212]
    [773 Total citations in HEP]
  13. 635
    Final results from the Hubble Space Telescope key project to measure the Hubble constant
    By W.L. Freedman, B.F. Madore, B.K. Gibson, L. Ferrarese, D.D. Kelson, S. Sakai, J.R. Mould, R.C. Kennicutt, H.C. Ford, J.A. Graham, J.P. Huchra, S.M.G. Hughes, Garth D. Illingworth, L.M. Macri, P.B. Stetson, P.B. Stetson (Carnegie Inst. Observ. & Caltech, IPAC & Swinburne U., Ctr. Astrophys. Supercomput. & Rutgers U., Piscataway & Carnegie Inst., Wash., D.C. & NOAO, Tucson & Res. Sch. Astron. Astrophys., Weston Creek & Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. & Johns Hopkins U. & Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. & Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron. & Lick Observ. & NRC-HIA, Victoria).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.553:47-72,2001 [arXiv: astro-ph/0012376]
    [979 Total citations in HEP]
  14. 624
    The Sloan Digital Sky Survey: technical summary
    By SDSS Collaboration (Donald G. York et al.).
    Published in:Astron.J.120:1579-1587,2000 [arXiv: astro-ph/0006396]
    [1126 Total citations in HEP]
  15. 595
    Lyman break galaxies at z >~ 4 and the evolution of the UV luminosity density at high redshift
    By Charles C. Steidel, Kurt L. Adelberger (Palomar Observ.), Mauro Giavalisco, Mark Dickinson (Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.), Max Pettini (Royal Greenwich Observ.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.519:1-17,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9811399]
    [767 Total citations in HEP]
  16. 593
    Four year COBE DMR cosmic microwave background observations: Maps and basic results
    By C.L. Bennett (NASA, Goddard), A. Banday, K.M. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, P. Jackson, P. Keegstra, A. Kogut (Hughes STX, Greenbelt), George F. Smoot (LBL, Berkeley & UC, Berkeley), D.T. Wilkinson (Princeton U.), E.L. Wright (UCLA).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.464:L1-L4,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9601067]
    [666 Total citations in HEP]
  17. 583
    The Demography of massive dark objects in galaxy centers
    By John Magorrian, Scott Tremaine (Canadian Inst. Theor. Astrophys.), Douglas Richstone (Michigan U.), Ralf Bender (Munich U. Observ.), Gary Bower (Kitt Peak Observ.), Alan Dressler (Carnegie Inst. Observ.), S.M. Faber (Lick Observ.), Karl Gebhardt (Michigan U.), Richard Green (Kitt Peak Observ.), Carl Grillmair (Caltech, JPL), John Kormendy (Inst. Astron., Honolulu), Tod R. Lauer (Kitt Peak Observ.).
    Published in:Astron.J.115:2285,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9708072]
    [804 Total citations in HEP]
  18. 565
    MAXIMA-1: A Measurement of the cosmic microwave background anisotropy on angular scales of 10 arcminutes to 5 degrees
    By S. Hanany (Minnesota U. & UC, Berkeley, CfPA), P. Ade, A. Balbi, J. Bock, J. Borrill, A. Boscaleri, P. de Bernardis, P.G. Ferreira, V.V. Hristov, Andrew H. Jaffe, A.E. Lange, A.T. Lee, P.D. Mauskopf, C.B. Netterfield, S. Oh, E. Pascale, B. Rabii, P.L. Richards, George F. Smoot, R. Stompor, C.D. Winant, J.H.P. Wu (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & Queen Mary, U. of London & Rome U.,Tor Vergata & Caltech, JPL & Caltech & LBL, Berkeley & Florence, IROE & Rome U. & Oxford U. & Lisbon, IST & Cardiff U. & Toronto U. & UC, Berkeley & Warsaw, Copernicus Astron. Ctr. & UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.545:L5,2000 [arXiv: astro-ph/0005123]
    [678 Total citations in HEP]
  19. 540
    Quintessence, cosmic coincidence, and the cosmological constant
    By Ivaylo Zlatev, Li-Min Wang (Pennsylvania U.), Paul J. Steinhardt (Pennsylvania U. & Princeton U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.82:896-899,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9807002]
    [742 Total citations in HEP]
  20. 536
    Using the evolution of clusters to constrain Omega
    By Vincent R. Eke, Shaun Cole, Carlos S. Frenk (Durham U.).
    Published in:Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc.282:263-280,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9601088]
    [608 Total citations in HEP]
  21. 519
    The Cosmic triangle: Assessing the state of the universe
    By Neta A. Bahcall, Jeremiah P. Ostriker (Princeton U. Observ.), Saul Perlmutter (LBL, Berkeley), Paul J. Steinhardt (Princeton U.).
    Published in:Science 284:1481-1488,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9906463]
    [628 Total citations in HEP]
  22. 509
    Solar models: Current epoch and time dependences, neutrinos, and helioseismological properties
    By John N. Bahcall (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study), M.H. Pinsonneault (Ohio State U.), Sarbani Basu (Yale U.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.555:990-1012,2001 [arXiv: astro-ph/0010346]
    [563 Total citations in HEP]
  23. 474
    Reconstructing the linear power spectrum of cosmological mass fluctuations
    By J.A. Peacock (Royal Observ., Edinburgh), S.J. Dodds (Edinburgh U.).
    Published in:Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc.267:1020-1034,1994< /a> [arXiv: astro-ph/9311057]
    [514 Total citations in HEP]
  24. 471
    Measurement of the solar neutrino capture rate with gallium metal
    By SAGE Collaboration (J.N. Abdurashitov et al.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.C60:055801,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9907113]
    [548 Total citations in HEP]
  25. 466
    Measurements of the cosmological parameters Omega and Lambda from the first 7 supernovae at z>=0.35
    By Supernova Cosmology Project (S. Perlmutter et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.483:565,1997 [arXiv: astro-ph/9608192]
    [563 Total citations in HEP]
  26. 457
    DASI first results: A Measurement of the cosmic microwave background angular power spectrum
    By N.W. Halverson, E.M. Leitch, C. Pryke, J. Kovac, J.E. Carlstrom (Chicago U.), W.L. Holzapfel (UC, Berkeley), M. Dragovan (Caltech, JPL), J.K. Cartwright, B.S. Mason, S. Padin, T.J. Pearson, M.C. Shepherd, A.C.S. Readhead (Caltech).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.568:38-45,2002 [arXiv: astro-ph/0104489]
    [560 Total citations in HEP]
  27. 450
    The Hubble Deep Field: Observations, data reduction, and galaxy photometry
    By the HDF Team (Robert E. Williams et al.).
    Published in:Astron.J.112:1335,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9607174]
    [528 Total citations in HEP]
  28. 447
    A Fundamental relation between supermassive black holes and their host galaxies
    By Laura Ferrarese (UCLA), David Merritt (Rutgers U., Piscataway).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.539:L9,2000 [arXiv: astro-ph/0006053]
    [737 Total citations in HEP]
  29. 432
    The Cold dark matter density perturbation
    By Andrew R. Liddle (Sussex U.), David H. Lyth (Lancaster U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rept.231:1-105,1993 [arXiv: astro-ph/9303019]
    [479 Total citations in HEP]
  30. 421
    How uncertain are solar neutrino predictions?
    By John N. Bahcall, Sarbani Basu (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study), M.H. Pinsonneault (Ohio State U.).
    Published in:Phys.Lett.B433:1-8,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9805135]
    [427 Total citations in HEP]
  31. 417
    Hybrid inflation
    By Andrei D. Linde (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.D49:748-754,1994 [arXiv: astro-ph/9307002]
    [531 Total citations in HEP]
  32. 413
    Unified schemes for radio-loud active galactic nuclei
    By C.Megan Urry (Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.), Paolo Padovani (Rome U.,Tor Vergata).
    Published in:Publ.Astron.Soc.Pac.107:803,1995 [arXiv: astro-ph/9506063]
    [543 Total citations in HEP]
  33. 403
    The Canada-France Redshift Survey. 13. The Luminosity density and star-formation history of the Universe to z ~ 1
    By S.J. Lilly (Toronto U., Astron. Dept.), Olivier Le Fevre, F. Hammer (Meudon Observ.), David Crampton (NRC-HIA, Victoria).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.460:L1,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9601050]
    [483 Total citations in HEP]
  34. 399
    The High Z supernova search: Measuring cosmic deceleration and global curvature of the universe using type Ia supernovae
    By Supernova Search Team (Brian P. Schmidt et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.507:46-63,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9805200]
    [494 Total citations in HEP]
  35. 399
    Starburst99: synthesis models for galaxies with active star formation
    By Claus Leitherer, Daniel Schaerer, Jeffrey D. Goldader, Rosa M. Gonzalez Delgado, Carmelle Robert, Denis Foo Kune, Duilia Mello, Daniel Devost, Timothy M. Heckman.
    Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.123:3-40,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9902334]
    [619 Total citations in HEP]
  36. 397
    The Cosmic baryon budget
    By M. Fukugita (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study & Tokyo U., ICRR), C.J. Hogan (Washington U., Seattle), P.J.E. Peebles (Princeton U.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.503:518,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9712020]
    [475 Total citations in HEP]
  37. 393
    Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) first year observations: TE polarization
    By WMAP Collaboration (A. Kogut et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:161,2003 [arXiv: astro-ph/0302213]
    [623 Total citations in HEP]
  38. 387
    Extension of the cosmic ray energy spectrum beyond the predicted Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuz'min cutoff
    By M. Takeda, N. Hayashida (Tokyo U., ICRR), K. Honda (Yamanashi U.), N. Inoue (Saitama U.), K. Kadota, F. Kakimoto (Tokyo Inst. Tech.), K. Kamata (Nishina Memorial Found., Tokyo), S. Kawaguchi (Hirosaki U.), Y. Kawasaki (Osaka City U.), N. Kawasumi (Yamanashi U.), H. Kitamura (Kobe U.), E. Kusano (Saitama U.), Y. Matsubara (Nagoya U., Solar-Terrestrial Environ. Lab.), K. Murakami (Nagoya U. of Foreign Studies), M. Nagano, D. Nishikawa, H. Ohoka, N. Sakaki, M. Sasaki (Tokyo U., ICRR), K. Shinozaki, N. Souma (Saitama U.), M. Teshima, R. Torii (Tokyo U., ICRR), I. Tsushima (Yamanashi U.), Y. Uchihori (Chiba, Natl. Inst. Rad. Sci.), T. Yamamoto, S. Yoshida (Tokyo U., ICRR), H. Yoshii (Ehime U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.81:1163-1166,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9807193]
    [471 Total citations in HEP]
  39. 385
    A Relationship between nuclear black hole mass and galaxy velocity dispersion
    By Karl Gebhardt, Ralf Bender, Gary Bower, Alan Dressler, S.M. Faber, Alexei V. Filippenko, Richard Green, Carl Grillmair, Luis C. Ho, John Kormendy, Tod R. Lauer, John Magorrian, Jason Pinkney, Douglas Richstone, Scott Tremaine.
    Published in:Astrophys.J.539:L13,2000 [arXiv: astro-ph/0006289]
    [652 Total citations in HEP]
  40. 384
    Spectroscopic confirmation of a population of normal star - forming galaxies at redshifts z > 3
    By Charles C. Steidel, Mauro Giavalisco, Max Pettini, Mark Dickinson, Kurt L. Adelberger (Palomar Observ. & Carnegie Inst. Observ. & Royal Greenwich Observ. & Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.462:L17,1996 [arXiv: astro-ph/9602024]
    [447 Total citations in HEP]
  41. 383
    Gamma-ray bursts and the fireball model
    By T. Piran (Hebrew U.).
    Published in:Phys.Rept.314:575-667,1999 [arXiv: astro-ph/9810256]
    [465 Total citations in HEP]
  42. 382
    Cosmological parameter extraction from the first season of observations with DASI
    By C. Pryke, N.W. Halverson, E.M. Leitch, J. Kovac, J.E. Carlstrom (Chicago U.), W.L. Holzapfel (UC, Berkeley), M. Dragovan (Caltech, JPL).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.568:46-51,2002 [arXiv: astro-ph/0104490]
    [403 Total citations in HEP]
  43. 379
    Constraints on cosmological parameters from MAXIMA-1
    By A. Balbi (Rome U.,Tor Vergata & UC, Berkeley, CfPA & LBL, Berkeley), P. Ade (Queen Mary, U. of London), J. Bock (Caltech, JPL & Caltech), J. Borrill (LBL, Berkeley & UC, Berkeley, CfPA), A. Boscaleri (Florence, IROE), P. de Bernardis (Rome U.), P.G. Ferreira (Oxford U. & Lisbon, IST), S. Hanany (Minnesota U. & UC, Berkeley, CfPA), V.V. Hristov (Caltech), Andrew H. Jaffe, A.T. Lee (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept.), S. Oh (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & UC, Berkeley), E. Pascale (Florence, IROE), B. Rabii (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & UC, Berkeley), P.L. Richards (UC, Berkeley & UC, Berkeley, CfPA), George F. Smoot (UC, Berkeley & UC, Berkeley, CfPA & LBL, Berkeley & UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept.), R. Stompor (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. & Warsaw, Copernicus Astron. Ctr.), C.D. Winant (UC, Berkeley, CfPA & UC, Berkeley), J.H.P. Wu (UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.545:L1-L4,2000, Erratum-ibid.558:L145-L146,2001 [arXiv: astro-ph/0005124]
    [413 Total citations in HEP]
  44. 369
    The Cosmological constant and dark energy
    By P.J.E. Peebles (Princeton U.), Bharat Ratra (Kansas State U.).
    Published in:Rev.Mod.Phys.75:559-606,2003 [arXiv: astro-ph/0207347]
    [782 Total citations in HEP]
  45. 365
    Supernova limits on the cosmic equation of state
    By Supernova Search Team (Peter M. Garnavich et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.509:74-79,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9806396]
    [429 Total citations in HEP]
  46. 363
    The Four year COBE normalization and large scale structure
    By Emory F. Bunn (UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept.), Martin J. White (Chicago U., EFI).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.480:6-21,1997 [arXiv: astro-ph/9607060]
    [377 Total citations in HEP]
  47. 362
    Discovery of the peculiar supernova 1998bw in the error box of GRB 980425
    By T.J. Galama, Paul M. Vreeswijk, J. van Paradijs, C. Kouveliotou, T. Augusteijn, O.R. Hainaut, F. Patat, H. Bohnhardt, J. Brewer, V. Doublier, J.-F. Gonzalez, C. Lidman, B. Leibundgut, J. Heise, J. in 't Zand, P.J. Groot, R.G. Strom, P. Mazzali, K. Iwamoto, K. Nomoto, H. Umeda, T. Nakamura, T. Koshut, M. Kippen, C. Robinson, P. de Wildt, R.A.M.J. Wijers, N. Tanvir, J. Greiner, E. Pian, E. Palazzi, F. Frontera, N. Masetti, L. Nicastro, E. Malozzi, M. Feroci, E. Costa, L. Piro, B.A. Peterson, C. Tinney, B. Boyle, R. Cannon, R. Stathakis, M.C. Begam, P. Ianna (Amsterdam U., Astron. Inst. & Alabama U., Huntsville & Universities Space Research Assoc. & NASA, Marshall & European Southern Obs., Chile & SRON, Utrecht & NFRA, Dwingeloo & Trieste Observ. & Tokyo U., Astron. Dept. & Tokyo U., RESCEU).
    Published in:Nature 395:670,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9806175]
    [529 Total citations in HEP]
  48. 361
    First year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Implications for inflation
    By WMAP Collaboration (H.V. Peiris et al.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:213,2003 [arXiv: astro-ph/0302225]
    [619 Total citations in HEP]
  49. 361
    Are gamma-ray bursts in star forming regions?
    By Bohdan Paczynski (Princeton U.).
    Published in:Astrophys.J.494:L45,1998 [arXiv: astro-ph/9710086]
    [436 Total citations in HEP]
  50. 360
    Cosmology from MAXIMA-1, BOOMERANG and COBE / DMR CMB observations
    By Boomerang Collaboration (Andrew H. Jaffe et al.).
    Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.86:3475-3479,2001 [arXiv: astro-ph/0007333]
    [387 Total citations in HEP]