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SPIRES News Continued
January 3, 2000
SPIRES-HEP Mirror Site Hosting is available

We have the capability for running mirror sites of the SPIRES-HEP system. If you are interested, please read the requirements for running a SPIRES-HEP mirror site.

January 7, 1998
Particle Data Group Announces:
  • The December 1997 WWW updates of the Reviews, Tables, and Plots and major reviews from the Particle Listings are now available!
  • The 1997 Particle Listings are also available. The data cutoff was early 1997.
  • The following sites carry all PDG web pages:
                 USA     http://pdg.lbl.gov
                 CERN    http://www.cern.ch/pdg/
                 Japan   http://ccwww.kek.jp
                 Russia  http://www.inp.nsk.su/pdg/ 
                 Russia  http://wwwppds.ihep.su:8080
                 UK      http://durpdg.dur.ac.uk/lbl/
September 16, 1997

This morning SPIRES-HEP passed another milestone: the 350,000th entry has been added to the database! It was only two-and-a-half years ago that we announced our 300,000th record (see the February 21, 1995 entry below). Quite an achievement for the small crews at SLAC and DESY, don't you think?

September 12, 1997
Bob Gex, one of the key people from the first generation of SLAC librarians, has recently retired. Bob was working on PREPRINTS and other SPIRES databases since the very beginning. Although it will be a bit of a struggle to fill Bob's well-worn shoes, he can take comfort in the fact that he and other pioneering 'cybrarians' have established a firm track on which the current library staff can continue to run. Bob's retirement present was a T-shirt with a huge sign Discarded from SLAC Library on the front, and a much smaller Gone but Not Forgotten statement on the back side.

July 31, 1997
Have you noticed a new format, called Default-2, on our HEP-database search pages? If your network connections to Middle East, or Far East, or South America are better than your connections to Cornell or Europe, consider using this format. It provides links to 'mirrors' of the arXiv.org site in your vicinity, and can save you some loading time. We hope to have a better solution, based on 'cookies', soon.

July 30, 1997
Ever tried to prepare a LaTeX version of your List of Publications by using the regular SPIRES-HEP output? This probably was not a simple task! But, did you know that this could be done more easily if you use our BibTeX output? Courtesy of Jacques Distler, we now have a simple instruction files describing the procedure. Try it!

(Note that all the SPIRES-HEP data are originally stored in ASCII form. Therefore, you will occasionally have to do some 'translation' of ASCII into TeX markup, particularly for the particle names and reactions. However, this still may turn out to be much easier than starting from scratch).

April 2, 1997
We were called names in the past, but nobody ever called us granddaddy before. Now we have lived to see even this happen! The Web Watch section in the April issue of Physics Today declares that the SPIRES-HEP database is "the granddaddy of [all the] preprint databases". Dear Physics Today, we love you too! Find the Web Watch in the journal (p.58), or check the Physics Today pages online. In spite of being a granddaddy now, we do not feel like a geriatric case yet. (However, if you notice any signs of aging, let us know immediately).

March 1, 1997
SPIRES goes Unix!
After long and careful preparation, the production of the SPIRES high-energy physics databases was moved from the mainframe to a dedicated Sun workstation on March 1, 1997. The transition was coordinated and lead by the Library consultant, Louise Addis. SLAC's SPIRES databases lived on the mainframe machine (SLACVM) for 20+ years, but since the mainframe is to be turned off by the end of the year, it became necessary to find a new home for the databases. Dick Guertin, one of the co-developers of the SPIRES database management system, rewrote the software, and SPIRES now successfully works under the Unix system. We hope that this first stage of the transition to Unix won't cause any inconvenience for our users. The databases will continue to be served by the SLACVM Web server till the end of Summer, when an exclusive SPIRES Web server is scheduled to begin operating on the Unix side. (Note that the new server will keep using the current name, www-spires.slac.stanford.edu).

January 1, 1997
The 1996/97 edition of the document describing top-cited HEP articles has been posted at: http://www.slac.stanford.edu/library/topcites/. The document has three parts: a list of journal papers with the most citations in the last three years, a list of the most-cited e-prints, and a list of all-time HEP favorites. The results are based on the number of citations in the HEP(PREPRINT) database. Enjoy!

December 18, 1996
Check our brand new browse function for the SPIRES-HEP(PREPRINTS) database. Try it while it is still in the test phase, and if you have ideas on how to improve it, write to us.

November 12, 1996
Recent CERN and DESY regular reports listed in the SPIRES-HEP database now have the 'on the fly' links to the appropriate document depositories at CERN and DESY. You can often find one or more 'electronic' versions of the documents (e.g., compressed or uncompressed postscript, pdf, etc.) in the depositories. If you notice some anomalies with those links, or some of the links don't lead anywhere, please let us know. We hope to be able to make similar 'on the fly' links to the Fermilab and SLAC depositories in near future. If an automatic linkage based on the institution's report numbers works at your place, please send us a note and we shall gladly add to SPIRES-HEP the links to your institution's depository.

November 12, 1996
Do we still have your e-print or preprint marked 'unpublished' although a journal version appeared long ago? If so, please send us a note to: library@slac.stanford.edu, and we shall promptly update the record. Furthermore, for a published e-print, we shall pass your note on to the appropriate archive, and you won't have to do it yourself. (Similarly, if you send the 'published' command to one of the high-energy physics archives, we will get a copy from arXiv.org, and you won't have to send a separate note to us). Your note should clearly identify the SPIRES record by, e.g., the e-print or the report number. Please tell us the journal name, volume number (and letter, if applicable), the year of publication, and the complete range of pages, not just the first page of the published article.

April 22, 1996
KEK Library is involved in a project of scanning of all the high-energy physics preprints received at KEK from 1974 to the present. In an effort to make this material available to a wider audience, the Library has kindly allowed us to add pointers to the scanned images. You can find pointers to the KEK files in the regular (WWW) SPIRES-HEP output format. Try, for example,


Currently, about 30,000 papers are available in the electronic form from KEK. More will be added in future. We hope you will find this new SPIRES-HEP feature useful. Please, send your questions/comments about the scanning project to: keklib@kekvax.kek.jp

March 15, 1996
Courtesy of the Physical Review D editorial office, we are now getting the lists of accepted papers and the advanced tables of contents for this journal. All of the accepted but not yet published papers are marked immediately ('to be published in Phys. Rev. D'), and can be found by a simple search,


The volume/page-numbers are added for published papers to HEP several weeks before a printed copy of the journal actually appears. We are also getting the PACS codes assigned to the accepted papers, and we are displaying them. You can find all the papers with the same code by using the 'FIND PACS ...' search, e.g.,

FIND PACS 04.70.Bw

Note that we only began adding the PACS to the database on March 1, 1996. With time, the PACS search will become more and more useful. For more information about the Physical Review D, please visit their Web site at http://publish.aps.org/PRD/prdhome.html

Dec 31, 1995 [superseded now by the Jan 1, 1997 announcement]
The 1995/96 edition of the document describing top-cited HEP articles has been posted at: http://www.slac.stanford.edu/library/topcites/. The document has three parts: a list of journal papers with the most citations in the last three years, a list of the most-cited e-prints, and a list of all-time HEP favorites. The results are based on the number of citations in the HEP(PREPRINT) database. Enjoy!

July 17, 1995
At long last: some progress with the form interface for the HEP database. Mark Lakata, from UC Berkeley, prepared a form page based on SPIFACE. If you have a browser that can handle forms, please check Mark's page, at http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/form/lblhep1.html. Try also a slightly revised version of Mark's form at: http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/form/hepspif.html (this one is by Chris Spenner). This is still in a very experimental stage, and your input to: library@slac.stanford.edu, is welcome. [Updated on July 20, 1995]

July 10, 1995
Ever wanted to restrict a search in the HEP database to published articles only? (Our definition of 'published' denotes journal articles, but does not cover papers printed in e.g., books or proceedings). This is now possible! Simply add '... AND PS PUBLISHED' to your search request. For example,


The term PUBLISHED may be shortened to P ('... AND PS P'). We keep adding features to our databases, but rarely hear your reactions. It took two people ten weekends to make the above-described searching possible. Do you find it useful? Do you have some other suggestions or comments? Write to: library@slac.stanford.edu

July 3, 1995
Here is another try on 'forms search' for our BOOKS, or CONFERENCES, or INSTITUTIONS, or HEPNAMES (e-mail addresses) databases. The forms are based on Tony Johnson's SPIFACE interface, and prepared by Christopher Spenner. If you like forms, check also the other (still) highly experimental SPIRES forms.

June 26, 1995
As many of you know, SLAC has been providing postscript versions of high-energy physics related e-prints since January 1993. During that time more than 15,000 postscript files were created from (LaTeX) sources. Effective June 30, 1995, SLAC will stop the e-print processing, because the postscript of new and old e-prints is now available directly from the arXiv.org e-print archives (as of June 1). To view and/or print an e-print, select the arXiv.org link in the HEP-database output, and then use the 'Postscript' pointer. Find more information about the change here.

March 15, 1995
Two new Web formats for the HEP database are now available: WWWBRIEF, and WWWSIG. The first one may be useful if you are preparing a list of publications. It shows a basic bibliographic information, but doesn't have all the additional pointers, e.g., to list of topics, citations, etc. By 'selecting' any of the title words in the WWWBRIEF display you can bring up the full (default) display. The second new format (WWWSIG) is useful if you are pointing to a SPIRES result from your own Web page. Technically speaking, this format doesn't produce the IsIndex markup, and thus, unlike the default WWW format, doesn't open the 'search' or 'find' windows on your browser. In the following examples the same search result is presented by using the default, WWWBRIEF, and WWWSIG formats.


February 27, 1995
A SPIRES-based list of HEP institutions with Web servers is available now as an additional tool to help you 'surfing' the Internet. The list, as you may expect, is far from being complete, but you are invited to help us keeping it as accurate and up to date as possible. If we are missing a Web server of a HEP-related institution with a stable URL, please let us know. Write to: library@slac.stanford.edu

February 21, 1995
Entry number 300,000 has been added to the HEP database today! (HEP is our flagship database which covers preprints and articles related to high-energy physics). Big thanks go to Louise Addis and Bob Gex for years of devotion to the database, to our brave past and present input persons, proofreaders, and controllers (onsite and offsite), to people in SLAC Computing Center who provided the world-wide access to the database, to our sister-lab DESY for an enormous and constant contribution, to other providers of information from Fermilab, CERN, Kyoto, and KEK (the list is incomplete!), to SLAC top management and Director's Office for kind support in these difficult times, and finally -- to you users and the whole high-energy physics community whose friendly criticism and constant encouragement and praise keep us going.

September 30, 1994
New index in the HEP database: JOURNAL. This index helps restricting a search to articles published in a given journal. Works both via QSPIRES and on the Web. Use popular variations of journal names, for example, Physical Review, or Phys. Rev., or PR, etc. To see how this works, find for example papers by the SLD Collaboration published in the Physical Review Letters. Use indexes CN (for collaboration name) and J (allowed abbreviation for JOURNAL), and make the search:


September 30, 1994
New 'button' in the HEP database via Web: "Display References". Lists of references from all HEP-related preprints received by the SLAC Library are stored in the HEP database (they serve as a source for the citation search). You can now see references from an article by selecting the Display_References pointer in the standard HEP output on the Web. To see how this works, find for example the HEP record of the paper published in the Class.Quant.Grav.11: 621-648, 1994,


Then select the pointer to the reference list.

September 30, 1994 [updated Jan 1, 1997: the following announcement is now obsolete]
HEP records corresponding to articles published in Classical and Quantum Gravity since 1994, have now pointers to source files at the CQG WWW Depository. Find, for example, the HEP record of the paper published in the Class.Quant.Grav.11: 621-648, 1994:


Note that the retrieval of full text information from the depository is only enabled to institutions subscribed to Class. and Quant. Gravity. Find more information about the access here. See also the note on access to Nucl. Phys. depository below.

September 16, 1994
All HEP records corresponding to articles published in Nuclear Physics A and B since 1993, have now pointers to source files at the Nucl. Phys. WWW Depository. Find, for example, the HEP record of the paper published in Nucl.Phys.B421: 111-124, 1994:


Note that the retrieval of full text information from the depository is only enabled to institutions subscribed to Nucl. Phys. Find more information about the access here.

August 18, 1994
The list of top-cited articles in the HEP databases is now available. Have fun (and don't forget: it's not all in the citation)!

August 3, 1994
The TOPIC (TP, KEYWORD) search in HEP is not particularly convenient if you don't have a full list of topics. This list is now available even to non-SLAC users. To get it, use the anonymous ftp server preprint.slac.stanford.edu (login-name: anonymous, password: your-userid), then cd preprints/Miscellaneous , and then get hep.keywords
Note that this is a huge (1.2 Mb) ASCII file. Share it with your colleagues. [July 17, 1995 update: a 'gunzipped' file, hep.keywords.gz (0.2 Mb), is now also available]

August 3, 1994
PARTICLES database is no longer available in SPIRES. Web users can find the full postscript version of the latest edition of the Review of Particle Properties on the LBL Particle Data Group (PDG) server: visit the PDG Home Page. To search the corresponding database, use Telnet to reach the PDG public access account at MUSE.LBL.GOV (or Login as PDG_PUBLIC.

May 9, 1994
Users of the CONF database can now find more than just elementary information on upcoming conferences. When available, we post additional information, such as lists of lectures, application forms, announcements, etc. To see how this works, select more information in the following example:


Please send all information on future particle physics oriented conferences to conf@slac.stanford.edu

April 29, 1994
The citation search is now possible for the bulletin-board papers in the HEP database. Try, for example,

FIND C HEP-TH 9401030

Once a b-board paper is published, the citations from the bulletin-board phase get added to the regular, journal citations.

April 27, 1994
Abstracts and papers from the new HEP-EX bulletin board, devoted to experimental high-energy physics, are the latest addition to the ABSTRACTS database.

To get more information on the HEP-EX, send e-mail to: hep-ex@arXiv.org , with Subject: HELP .

April 26, 1994 [Note (1997): the links are no longer valid]
The CDF's 'top-quark' paper, submitted to Phys. Rev. D, can be found in SLAC's preprints depository. You can view abstract, or View_Paper on the Web, or use ftp to get the postscript file. SLAC's anonymous ftp server is at
and the path to the paper is pub/preprints/hep-ph/9404/top.ps.Z . The 1Mb, 153 pages paper, has figures imbedded.
Note that the 'official' copy of the paper can be fetched from the Fermilab WWW server.

(Note added Sep 30, 94: This paper has been published in Phys.Rev.D50: 2966-3026, 1994)

April 18, 1994 [revised May 25, 1995]
The 'forms search' is now possible in the HEP and some other databases. Still in a highly experimental phase. If your browser can handle forms interface (use e.g., MidasWWW, or Mosaic), get a taste of the new way of searching by selecting SPIRES Forms

March 25, 1994
A completely revised format for the Experiments database has been introduced. References are now "clickable" and have pointers to bibliographic data in the HEP database (where available). New elements, RELATED experiments, EMAIL contact, and URL for experiment's Web Home Page have been added. To see an example, click here. (May not look so good on a linear browser).

March 7, 1994
End of an era: Louise Addis, SLAC's Head Librarian, officially retires. Louise played the crucial role in a development of SLAC-SPIRES databases, installation of the QSPIRES server, and bringing the databases as well as the full postscript preprint server to the Web. Louise will stay at SLAC as a part-time advisor and coordinator.

The new Head Librarian is Patricia Kreitz, coming to SLAC from SSCL.

March 1, 1994 (revised April 19, 1995)
A listserver has been established for those interested in receiving the weekly lists of newly arrived preprints, PPF ("Preprints in Particles and Fields"). To subscribe, send e-mail to:
The machine ignores the Subject: line. Type
subscribe PPF-L
in the body of your e-mail. (Similarly, to unsubscribe, send the request: unsubscribe PPF-L , to the same address).
This week's, and last week's PPFs can be found on the Web as well.

March 1, 1994
Authorization is no longer needed for the use of QSPIRES server. Anybody, from any node accessible from SLAC, can now search HEP and several other SLAC-SPIRES databases via QSPIRES.
QSPIRES was introduced ten years ago. Hundreds of physicists and non-physicists worldwide served as local 'QSPIRES node managers' in the past. Our sincere thanks to these volunteers for their help in making QSPIRES a useful and important tool.

Please report any future problem with QSPIRES to: qspi@slac.stanford.edu .

February 20, 1994
The new SLAC-SPIRES Home Page has been created. It leads to several SPIRES related databases and information pages. It also has a pointer to Stanford FOLIO.
(Note that the FOLIO link opens a Telnet connection, and some simpler browsers might not be able to handle such a connection properly. In addition, FOLIO is open only to the Stanford community, and one can use it only with a proper access code.)


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SPIRES was replaced by INSPIRE in 2012

Would you like to search faster? And smarter?
Get detailed results?
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Know which papers are cited together with yours?
Search inside papers?

Try INSPIRE, the successor of SPIRES, delivering all these features and much more.

More details on INSPIRE at projecthepinspire.net

 SPIRES HEP was a joint project of SLAC, DESY & FNAL as well as the worldwide HEP community.
It was superseeded by INSPIRE

 Last Updated: 03/04/2004