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SLACspeak Terms

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K
Kicker magnet.
K Wastes
A federal waste category comprised of wastes from specific sources.
k-Band
Microwave frequency band extending from 11 GHz to 36 GHz.
KAERI
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute.
KAM
Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser. A theorem stating that oscillatory motions in conservative dynamical systems persist through the addition of small perturbations to the system.
KAMI
KAMIOKANDE underground Cherenkov detector (Tokyo, Japan)
KamiokaNDE
Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment
KamLAND
Kamioka Liquid-scintillator AntiNeutrino Detector, located in the Kamioka mine in Japan.
KAM2
KAMIOKANDE-II underground Cherenkov detector (Tokyo, Japan)
KARMEN
Karsruch-Rutherford Medium Energy Neutrino Experiment
KASCADE
KArlsruhe Shower Core and Array DEtector.
KAT
Komitee für AstroTeilchenphysik. (Committee for Astroparticle Physics, in Germany)
KB
Kirkpatrick Baez (mirror system).
Kbps
Kilobits per second.
KDD
Knowledge Discovery in Databases. (Data mining)
KDP
Kemmer-Duffin-Petiau
KdV
Korteweg-de Vries
KEDR
The Magnetic Spectrometer Experiment at VEPP-4M (Novosibirsk).
KEK
Koo Energy Ken. The High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Japan. KEK consists of the Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies and the Institute of Materials Structure Science.
KEK PF LINAC
KEK electron linac (2.5 GeV) for Photon Factory and TRISTAN.
KEK PS
KEK Proton Synchrotron (12 GeV/c Plab).
KEK TRISTAN
KEK Tri Ring Intersecting STorage Accelerators at Nippon, an electron-positron storage ring (60 GeV Ecm).
KEKB
KEK B-factory. See also B Factory.
Kerberos
A network authentication system for use on physically insecure networks, based on the key distribution model presented by Needham and Schroeder. It allows entities communicating over networks to prove their identity to each other while preventing eavesdropping or replay attacks.
Kermit
A communications protocol that can be used to transfer files or for terminal emulation.
KERN ECDS
Surveying and alignment software.
Kernel
The level of an operating system or networking system that contains the system-level commands or all of the functions hidden from the user. In a Unix system, the kernel is a program that contains the device drivers, the memory management routines, the scheduler, and system calls. This program is always running while the system is operating.
Keybank
A chassis that holds eight PPS keys. Keybanks are located outside PPS gates and are used by operators to: A) monitor and control traffic at the gate, and B) preserve the area PPS status (status cannot be changed if the keybank is not complete).
KFTC
Klystron Fast Time plot Condition.
KG
KiloGram.
Kick
Kicker magnet, a VAX primary.
Kicker
A pulsed bend magnet used to kick a beam from its normal path at a precisely predetermined time.
KICP
Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics. (U of Chicago)
KIMS
Korea Invisible Mass Search.
KIPAC
Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology. (SLAC)
Kirk key
A special type of key made by Brown Bavarian Kirk. Keys are used with keybanks for Personnel Protection System (PPS) purposes, or for Power Supply (PS) interlock.
KISNET
Keep It Simple NETwork. A SLAC SLC network.
KK
Kaluza-Klein Theory
KKW
Keski-vakuri-Kraus-Wilczek.
Klixon
A temperature sensor placed on a magnet to shut down the magnet's power supply when the temperature exceeds a given level. (Klixon is a brand name.)
KLN
Kinoshita-Lee-Nauenberg
KLOE
Experiment conducted at the Frascati National Laboratories (Italy) phi-meson factory DAFNE
KLT
KLystron Temperature. A klystron summary display message indicating that the klystron temperature is out of tolerance.
KLV
KLystron Vacuum. A klystron summary message indicating a fault with the internal klystron vacuum.
KLY
See KMD.
KLY
KLYstron.
Klystron
An electron tube that amplifies microwaves by velocity modulation. A beam of electrons from a hot cathode is passed through a resonant cavity where it is modulated by high frequency radio waves. The electrons are bunched as they pass through a final cavity, where they induce RF with a higher gain. The RF from the klystrons is transmitted by rectangular waveguide to the DLWG of the LINAC.
klystron gallery
The narrow building directly above SLAC's two mile linac. It houses the klystrons which power the linac.
Klystron Phase Requested
See KPHR.
Klystron Reflected Energy
See RE.
KM
Kobayashi-Masakawa.
KM
Knowledge Management.
KMB
Klystron Magnetic Breaker. A klystron Summary Display message indicating a fault with the electromagnet circuit breaker that feeds power to the klystron focusing magnet power supply.
KMC
Klystron Magnet Current.
KMC
A klystron Summary Display indicating a fault with the klystron focusing magnet.
KMD
Klystron and Microwave Department.
KMOD
The normalized (to energy) field strength of a quadrupole. K stands for curvature and MOD for model. The KMOD is loaded from a model configuration or is calculated from BDES and the beam energy.
KMS
Kubo-Martin-Schwinger
KMST
K Minimum Spinning Tree.
KNN
K Nearest Neighbor.
KNO
Koba-Nielsen-Olesen
KOLR
Kolar Gold Field underground detector (India)
Koo Energy Ken
See KEK.
KOSEF
Korean Science and Engineering Foundation.
KP
Kadomtsev-Petviashvili
kPa
kiloPascal. 1,000 Pascals.
KPHR
Klystron PHase Requested. This is the value sent to the Fox Phase Shifter.
KPI
Key Performance Indicator.
KPP
Key Performance Parameters.
KPZ
Knizhnik-Polyakov-Zamolodchikov
KRF
Korean Research Fund.
KSC
Kennedy Space Center.
KTIM
A magnet parameter and database secondary indicating the last time a magnet was successfully standardized. See also Standardization.
KTL
Klystron Test Lab. (SLAC)
kV
kiloVolt.
KVI
Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, located in the Netherlands.
KZ
Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov
KZB
Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard
K3T
K3 - Thurston

Send corrections to jmdeken@slac.stanford.edu or propose new terms for SLACspeak.

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