;+
; NAME:
; RAN0
;
; PURPOSE:
; The RAN0 function returns one or more uniformly-
; distributed, floating-point, pseudo-random numbers in the
; range 0 LE Y < 1.0.
;
; The random number generator is taken from: "Numerical Recipes in C"
; 2nd Edition. It is the "minimal" random number generator of
; Park and Miller (with the MASK removed) and is IDENTICAL to the
; IDL RANDOMU function.
;
; CATEGORY:
; Math.
;
; CALLING SEQUENCE:
;
; Result = RAN0(Seed [, D1, ..., Dn])
;
; INPUTS:
; Seed: A named variable containing the seed value for
; random number generation. Seed is updated by RAN0
; once for each random number generated. The initial
; value of Seed should be set to different values in
; order to obtain different random sequences. If Seed
; is undefined, it is derived from the system clock.
;
; OPTIONAL INPUTS:
; Di: The dimensions of the result. The dimension
; parameters can be any scalar expression. Up to eight
; dimensions can be specified. If no dimensions are
; specified, RAN0 returns a scalar result
;
; OUTPUTS:
; This function returns uniform random deviates between 0.0 and 1.0
; (exclusive of the endpoint values) with array dimensions given
; by the input parameters, D1, ..., Dn.
;
; RESTRICTIONS:
; Currently only available on the AIX platform.
;
; PROCEDURE:
; This function uses CALL_EXTERNAL to call an external sharable
; C object (ran0_.lib). This was done because coding the routine
; entirely in IDL would resulted in an unacceptably slow algorithm
; due to unavoidable for loops.
;
; MODIFICATION HISTORY:
; Written by: Han Wen, March 1996.
;-
function RAN0, Seed, D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8
NP = N_PARAMS()
case NP of
1 : r=0.0
2 : r=FLTARR(D1)
3 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2)
4 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3)
5 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3,D4)
6 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3,D4,D5)
7 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6)
8 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7)
9 : r=FLTARR(D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7,D8)
else : message,'Must have 1-9 parameters, '+$
'Seed [, D1,... D8]'
endcase
Ds = long(N_ELEMENTS(r))
if (N_ELEMENTS(Seed) eq 0) then Seed=long(SYSTIME(1))
Seed= long(Seed)
junk = CALL_EXTERNAL(GRPKPATH()+'ran0_.lib', 'ran0_', $
Seed,Ds,r, /F_VALUE)
return,r
end