Recent data taken at TeV energies (by Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes) and at GeV energies (by the Fermi LAT) have opened a new window into studies of the Galactic center, and studies over the past several years have already discovered several new phenomena such as the Fermi bubbles and an apparent excess in gamma-rays with a typical energy of approximately 1 GeV which is strongly peaked around the galactic center. In this talk, I will discuss several convincing models for the emission from this region, including the annihilation of particle dark matter, a yet-undiscovered population of millisecond pulsars, and finally proton emission from the central black hole. Finally, I will look at the potential for future experiments, such as the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) to distinguish between these models.