M.J. Fitch*, N. Barov**, I. Bohnet***, J.-P. Carneiro, H.T. Edwards, W.H. Hartung (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)
The A0 Photoinjector at Fermilab can produce high charge (10-14 nC) electron bunches of low emittance (20 pi mm-mrad for 12 nC). We have undertaken a study of the optimal compression conditions. Off-crest acceleration in the 9-cell capture cavity induces an energy-time correlation, which is rotated by the compressor chicane (4 dipoles). The bunch length is measured using streak camera images of optical transition radiation. We present measurements under various conditions, including the effect of the laser pulse length (2 ps sigma Gaussian vs. 10 ps FWHM flat top). For example, a 12 nC bunch from the long laser pulse can be compressed to 4.2 ps FWHM (1.8 ps sigma).
*University of Rochester
**University of California, Los Angeles
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