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MRI Compatible Script Files
To aid users making the transition to GNU `ld' from the MRI linker,
`ld' can use MRI compatible linker scripts as an alternative to the
more general-purpose linker scripting language described in *Note
Scripts::. MRI compatible linker scripts have a much simpler command
set than the scripting language otherwise used with `ld'. GNU `ld'
supports the most commonly used MRI linker commands; these commands are
In general, MRI scripts aren't of much use with the `a.out' object
file format, since it only has three sections and MRI scripts lack some
features to make use of them.
You can specify a file containing an MRI-compatible script using the
`-c' command-line option.
Each command in an MRI-compatible script occupies its own line; each
command line starts with the keyword that identifies the command (though
blank lines are also allowed for punctuation). If a line of an
MRI-compatible script begins with an unrecognized keyword, `ld' issues
a warning message, but continues processing the script.
Lines beginning with `*' are comments.
You can write these commands using all upper-case letters, or all
lower case; for example, `chip' is the same as `CHIP'. The following
list shows only the upper-case form of each command.
`ABSOLUTE SECNAME, SECNAME, ... SECNAME'
Normally, `ld' includes in the output file all sections from all
the input files. However, in an MRI-compatible script, you can
use the `ABSOLUTE' command to restrict the sections that will be
present in your output program. If the `ABSOLUTE' command is used
at all in a script, then only the sections named explicitly in
`ABSOLUTE' commands will appear in the linker output. You can
still use other input sections (whatever you select on the command
line, or using `LOAD') to resolve addresses in the output file.
`ALIAS OUT-SECNAME, IN-SECNAME'
Use this command to place the data from input section IN-SECNAME
in a section called OUT-SECNAME in the linker output file.
IN-SECNAME may be an integer.
`ALIGN SECNAME = EXPRESSION'
Align the section called SECNAME to EXPRESSION. The EXPRESSION
should be a power of two.
Use the value of EXPRESSION as the lowest address (other than
absolute addresses) in the output file.
`CHIP EXPRESSION, EXPRESSION'
This command does nothing; it is accepted only for compatibility.
This command does nothing whatever; it's only accepted for
Similar to the `OUTPUT_FORMAT' command in the more general linker
language, but restricted to one of these output formats:
1. S-records, if OUTPUT-FORMAT is `S'
2. IEEE, if OUTPUT-FORMAT is `IEEE'
3. COFF (the `coff-m68k' variant in BFD), if OUTPUT-FORMAT is
Print (to the standard output file) a link map, as produced by the
`ld' command-line option `-M'.
The keyword `LIST' may be followed by anything on the same line,
with no change in its effect.
`LOAD FILENAME, FILENAME, ... FILENAME'
Include one or more object file FILENAME in the link; this has the
same effect as specifying FILENAME directly on the `ld' command
OUTPUT-NAME is the name for the program produced by `ld'; the
MRI-compatible command `NAME' is equivalent to the command-line
option `-o' or the general script language command `OUTPUT'.
`ORDER SECNAME, SECNAME, ... SECNAME'
`ORDER SECNAME SECNAME SECNAME'
Normally, `ld' orders the sections in its output file in the order
in which they first appear in the input files. In an
MRI-compatible script, you can override this ordering with the
`ORDER' command. The sections you list with `ORDER' will appear
first in your output file, in the order specified.
`PUBLIC NAME EXPRESSION'
Supply a value (EXPRESSION) for external symbol NAME used in the
linker input files.
`SECT SECNAME, EXPRESSION'
`SECT SECNAME EXPRESSION'
You can use any of these three forms of the `SECT' command to
specify the start address (EXPRESSION) for section SECNAME. If
you have more than one `SECT' statement for the same SECNAME, only
the _first_ sets the start address.
Created Mon Nov 8 17:42:51 2004 on tillpc with info_to_html version 0.9.6.