g77.info: Adding Options

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Adding Options

   To add a new command-line option to `g77', first decide what kind of
option you wish to add.  Search the `g77' and `gcc' documentation for
one or more options that is most closely like the one you want to add
(in terms of what kind of effect it has, and so on) to help clarify its
nature.
   * _Fortran options_ are options that apply only when compiling
     Fortran programs.  They are accepted by `g77' and `gcc', but they
     apply only when compiling Fortran programs.
   * _Compiler options_ are options that apply when compiling most any
     kind of program.
   _Fortran options_ are listed in the file `gcc/gcc/f/lang-options.h',
which is used during the build of `gcc' to build a list of all options
that are accepted by at least one language's compiler.  This list goes
into the `documented_lang_options' array in `gcc/toplev.c', which uses
this array to determine whether a particular option should be offered
to the linked-in front end for processing by calling
`lang_option_decode', which, for `g77', is in `gcc/gcc/f/com.c' and just
calls `ffe_decode_option'.
   If the linked-in front end "rejects" a particular option passed to
it, `toplev.c' just ignores the option, because _some_ language's
compiler is willing to accept it.
   This allows commands like `gcc -fno-asm foo.c bar.f' to work, even
though Fortran compilation does not currently support the `-fno-asm'
option; even though the `f771' version of `lang_decode_option' rejects
`-fno-asm', `toplev.c' doesn't produce a diagnostic because some other
language (C) does accept it.
   This also means that commands like `g77 -fno-asm foo.f' yield no
diagnostics, despite the fact that no phase of the command was able to
recognize and process `-fno-asm'--perhaps a warning about this would be
helpful if it were possible.
   Code that processes Fortran options is found in `gcc/gcc/f/top.c',
function `ffe_decode_option'.  This code needs to check positive and
negative forms of each option.
   The defaults for Fortran options are set in their global
definitions, also found in `gcc/gcc/f/top.c'.  Many of these defaults
are actually macros defined in `gcc/gcc/f/target.h', since they might be
machine-specific.  However, since, in practice, GNU compilers should
behave the same way on all configurations (especially when it comes to
language constructs), the practice of setting defaults in `target.h' is
likely to be deprecated and, ultimately, stopped in future versions of
`g77'.
   Accessor macros for Fortran options, used by code in the `g77' FFE,
are defined in `gcc/gcc/f/top.h'.
   _Compiler options_ are listed in `gcc/toplev.c' in the array
`f_options'.  An option not listed in `lang_options' is looked up in
`f_options' and handled from there.
   The defaults for compiler options are set in the global definitions
for the corresponding variables, some of which are in `gcc/toplev.c'.
   You can set different defaults for _Fortran-oriented_ or
_Fortran-reticent_ compiler options by changing the source code of
`g77' and rebuilding.  How to do this depends on the version of `g77':
`G77 0.5.24 (EGCS 1.1)'
`G77 0.5.25 (EGCS 1.2 - which became GCC 2.95)'
     Change the `lang_init_options' routine in `gcc/gcc/f/com.c'.
     (Note that these versions of `g77' perform internal consistency
     checking automatically when the `-fversion' option is specified.)
`G77 0.5.23'
`G77 0.5.24 (EGCS 1.0)'
     Change the way `f771' handles the `-fset-g77-defaults' option,
     which is always provided as the first option when called by `g77'
     or `gcc'.
     This code is in `ffe_decode_options' in `gcc/gcc/f/top.c'.  Have
     it change just the variables that you want to default to a
     different setting for Fortran compiles compared to compiles of
     other languages.
     The `-fset-g77-defaults' option is passed to `f771' automatically
     because of the specification information kept in
     `gcc/gcc/f/lang-specs.h'.  This file tells the `gcc' command how
     to recognize, in this case, Fortran source files (those to be
     preprocessed, and those that are not), and further, how to invoke
     the appropriate programs (including `f771') to process those
     source files.
     It is in `gcc/gcc/f/lang-specs.h' that `-fset-g77-defaults',
     `-fversion', and other options are passed, as appropriate, even
     when the user has not explicitly specified them.  Other "internal"
     options such as `-quiet' also are passed via this mechanism.