Job group limits

Job group limits specified with bgadd -L apply to the job group hierarchy. The job group limit is a positive number greater than or equal to zero, specifying the maximum number of running and suspended jobs under the job group (including child groups). If limit is zero, no jobs under the job group can run. By default, a job group has no limit. Limits persist across mbatchd restart and reconfiguration.

You cannot specify a limit for the root job group. The root job group has no job limit. Job groups added with no limits specified inherit any limits of existing parent job groups. The -L option only limits the lowest level job group created. The maximum number of running and suspended jobs (including USUSP and SSUSP) in a job group cannot exceed the limit defined on the job group and its parent job group.

The job group limit is based on the number of running and suspended jobs in the job group. If you specify a job group limit as 2, at most 2 jobs can run under the group at any time, regardless of how many jobs or job slots are used. If the currently available job slots is zero, even if the job group job limit is not exceeded, LSF cannot dispatch a job to the job group.

If a parallel job requests 2 CPUs (bsub -n 2), the job group limit is per job, not per slots used by the job.

A job array may also be under a job group, so job arrays also support job group limits.

Job group limits are not supported at job submission for job groups that are created automatically with bsub -g. Use bgadd -L before job submission.

Jobs forwarded to the execution cluster in a MultiCluster environment are not counted towards the job group limit.


bgadd -L 6 /canada/projects/test

If /canada is existing job group, and /canada/projects and /canada/projects/test are new groups, only the job group /canada/projects/test is limited to 6 running and suspended jobs. Job group /canada/projects will have whatever limit is specified for its parent job group /canada. The limit of /canada does not change.

The limits on child job groups cannot exceed the parent job group limit. For example, if /canada/projects has a limit of 5:
bgadd -L 6 /canada/projects/test

is rejected because /canada/projects/test attempts to increase the limit of its parent /canada/projects from 5 to 6.

Example job group hierarchy with limits

In this configuration:
  • Every node is a job group, including the root (/) job group

  • The root (/) job group cannot have any limit definition

  • By default, child groups have the same limit definition as their direct parent group, so /asia, /asia/projects, and /asia/projects/test all have no limit

  • The number of running and suspended jobs in a job group (including all of its child groups) cannot exceed the defined limit

  • If there are 7 running or suspended jobs in job group /canada/projects/test1, even though the job limit of group /canada/qa/auto is 6, /canada/qa/auto can only have a maximum of 5 running and suspended (12-7=5)

  • When a job is submitted to a job group, LSF checks the limits for the entire job group. For example, for a job is submitted to job group /canada/qa/auto, LSF checks the limits on groups /canada/qa/auto, /canada/qa and /canada. If any one limit in the branch of the hierarchy is exceeded, the job remains pending

  • The zero job limit for job group /canada/qa/manual means that no job in the job group can enter running status