In the previous section, you used the
command to compile and link the C++ source code in your test release.
Compiling and linking the code in the BetaMiniUser
package produced an executable named BetaMiniApp.
In this section, you will learn how to run the BetaMiniApp executable, and BaBar applications in general. There is a brief overview of program flow, and an extensive discussion of the workdir package, from which all BaBar applications are run. And you will run your new BetaMiniApp from Example 2 and view your new momentum histogram.
All Babar applications must be run from the workdir directory. The basic command to run any analysis job is:
workdir> XXXApp YYY.tclwhere XXXApp is a BaBar executable, and YYY.tcl is a Tcl file. It is this Tcl file (along with other Tcl files that it sources) that tell XXXApp what to do.
Here is what happens when you run a BaBar executable:
Tcl files and their role in setting up the analysis path are discussed in detail in the Tcl files section.
In the previous section, you made a brand new BetaMiniApp. Now it is time to run the new executable. As in the Quicktour, you go to workdir, and issue the run command:
workdir> BetaMiniApp snippet.tcl
At this point (although you can't see it), BetaMiniApp creates a Framework and an AppUserBuild object, which loads the Framework with modules. One of these modules is your QExample module. That is why QExample must be included in BetaMiniUser's AppUserBuildBase.cc file.
After BetaMiniApp performs these two initial actions it sources snippet.tcl. snippet.tcl sets some parameters and then sources MyMiniAnalysis.tcl, which in turn sources a number of secondary tcl files that set up the analysis path. The role of Tcl files is discussed extensively in the next section.
After a while, you get a Framework prompt:
While the executable is running, a Framework prompt is given whenever user input is allowed or required. Then you get to act like a Tcl file. You can issue any legal Tcl command at the Framework ('>') prompt. This includes ordinary Tcl commands, and the special BaBar Tcl commands.
As before, you input some data and then tell the Framework to process events:
> mod talk KanEventInput KanEventInput> input add /store/SP/R18/001237/200309/18.6.0b/SP_001237_013238 KanEventInput> exit > ev beg -nev 40 > exit
When you exit the Framework you terminate the BetaMiniApp executable and are returned to your usual unix shell prompt.
Because you ran your job from workdir, the output ROOT file is placed in your workdir directory. Its name in snippet.tcl is still set to "myHistogram.root", so it will have overwritten your older myHistogram.root from the Quicktour.
You can view your new histogram in ROOT:
workdir> bbrroot workdir> TFile f("myHistogram.root"); workdir> f.ls();You should now see the momentum histogram that you added:
TFile** myHistogram.root Created for you by RooTupleManager TFile* myHistogram.root Created for you by RooTupleManager KEY: TH1F h1d1;1 MC reco abs mtm difference KEY: TH1F h1d2;1 Reco track momentum KEY: TH1F h1d3;1 Tracks per Event KEY: TH1F h1d4;1 Momentum KEY: TH1F h1d5;1 TagInspector Status
This confirms that the your compile and link sucessfully incorporated your code changes into the new BetaMiniApp. Go ahead and plot your new momentum histogram:
root h1d4->Draw():It should look like this:
Finally, Example 2 is finished. You have successfully edited BaBar code to add a histogram, recompiled and relinked your code to make a new executable, run the new executable, and viewed your new histogram. Congratulations!
workdir is the package used to run all BaBar applications. So it is a good idea to become very familiar with workdir and how it works, because no matter what other packages you are using, you will always need workdir. The remainder of this section is devoted to workdir.
workdir has links to all of the library and binary files it needs in both the test release and the base release. Input and output remain local to the workdir directory.
workdirpackage is checked out it comes with the following files:
workdir> gmake setup
(This target is defined in the
the workdir package. So from workdir, the command is "gmake setup".
From the RELEASE directory, as in the Quicktour, the command is
A main result of
gmake setup is that several symbolic
links are created. These links are:
BFDISTthat corresponds to the base release with which the new release was created.
Currently, if you do a
gmake clean from within the
workdir package itself, several of the soft links get deleted or
reset, including the
bin link which will no longer point
to your own bin area - meaning that you will not be able to directly
access your own executables such as
BetaMiniApp which we used
in the QuickTour. To remake
these links correctly, you simply repeat the
gmake setupcommand from your workdir directory.
workdir is designed to run applications. Since input and output remains local to the workdir directory, the locations of input and output files must be given with respect to the workdir directory.
When you use your test release to generate an executable like
BetaMiniApp, it is stored in the
of your test release.
gmake setup generates a link
This is the first place that workdir looks for
applications. If it does not find the application there,
then it will look in
In the Quicktour, this meant that when you issued the
command "BetaMiniApp snippet.tcl", the system
RELEASE/bin/$BFARCH/ for your BetaMiniApp executable.
To run the executable you need a Tcl script as an argument. The Tcl script has the responsibility of defining the analysis path of the user's application.
For example, the BetaMiniUser package used in the Quicktour provides example tcl files for several different possible BetaMiniApp jobs:
The command to run an executable from workdir is:
workdir> WhateverApp ../<Package>/<filename>.tclThe second argument locates filename.tcl with respect to workdir. There are a few other ways to do this (besides "../"). You could make use of the
workdir> WhateverApp RELEASE/<Package>/<filename>.tclor you could copy the tcl file into the workdir directory (or place a symbolic link in the workdir directory without moving the existing file - see the Workbook section on Unix) and issue:
workdir> WhateverApp <filename>.tclIn the Quicktour, you ran the job with the command:
workdir> BetaMiniApp snippet.tclsnippet.tcl is actually NOT one of BetaMiniUser's tcl files, but it sources (executes) MyMiniAnalysis.tcl right away after setting a few parameters. You could just as well have changed the parameters in MyMiniAnalysis.tcl itself, and issued:
workdir> BetaMiniApp ../BetaMiniUser/MyMiniAnalysis.tclHowever most people prefer to use their own personal snippet tcl files to set parameters. That way, they avoid modifying standard BaBar tcl files more than they have to. Among other things, this makes it easier to describe your analysis when you ask other BaBar people for help. Snippet tcl files are discussed in detail in the Tcl files section.
As in the Quicktour, applications often write output .root or .hbook files. The output files are put in workdir. If you want to put them in a different directory, you need to specify the name of the directory with respect to workdir. For example,
set histFileName output/myHistogram.rootin your snippet.tcl file puts the ROOT file in the directory
workdir/output(which you would then of course have to create before running the job).
/bindirectory - meaning workdir can no longer 'see' any binaries you have built. This is easy to fix... whenever you accidentally do a "gmake clean" command in your workdir, just issue a
gmake setupcommand from workdir to rebuild the link. (Or you can do
gmake workdir.setupfrom your release directory.)
In the second case, what happens is that the system searches for an executable in your bin/$BFARCH/ directory, and when it doesn't find one, it looks in the original analysis-41 release, finds the central, pre-compiled binary, and uses that one instead.
This problem can be very difficult to spot - the code appears to run just fine, but none of your changes are in the output files!
In either case, the way to check things is to look at output from the compile and link stages and, particularly if it is just the case that you haven't tried to run your binary for some time, check the bin directory:
ls -l ana41/bin/$BFARCH/
If this directory does not contain the binary you wanted to run, then the binary hasn't been built, or has got old and been deleted.
A good way to avoid accidentally using the wrong binary is to always run your executable with its full path name:
(Note that workdir/bin is a link to the bin directory in your test release.)
Of course, running with the full path name will not prevent binaries from going missing. But this way, if there is no BetaMiniApp in bin/$BFARCH, the system will give you an error message, instead of running PARENT/bin/$BFARCH/BetaMiniApp.